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In the seventies of the last century, the Dead Sea was rediscovered as Heaven for Treatments and Beauty. Today there are many specialized centers around the Dead Sea dealing with treatments linked to it's Nature beside several Spas and Hotels catering for the rejuvenation for old and young.
Although called the "Dead Sea", this sea and the whole region on its shore is very much alive. The dead Sea lies some 400 meters below sea level at the lowest point on the earth's surface, and is a part of the Syrian - East Africa Rift Valley, flanked by Palestine Mountains to the west and the Moab Mountains to the east.
The Dead Sea is one of the most saline lakes in the world. It is fed mainly by River Jordan in the north and by perennial springs and streams from the east and west. Having no outlet, the Dead sea is a "terminal lake" which loses huge amounts of water by evaporation into the hot dry air. This results in high concentration of salts and minerals in a unique composition that is particularly rich in chloride salts of magnesium, sodium, potassium, calcium, bromine and various others.
The Dead Sea brine's chemical composition reflects erosion, as well as the recycling of older deposits. Leaching of minerals from the geological strata also contributes to the Dead Sea brine and to a number of thermo-mineral springs along its shores. In addition, alluvial deposits form the much valued Dead Sea mineral mud, also known as Dead Sea therapeutic black mud.
The uniqueness of the Dead Sea has been known for centuries. This is the only place in the world with this particular combination of exclusive spa benefits: peculiar sun radiation and climatic conditions, enriched oxygen atmosphere, mineral-rich salt sea, thermo-mineral springs, and mineral-rich mud.
The water of the Dead Sea contains 21 minerals including magnesium, calcium, bromine and potassium. 12 of these are found in no other sea or ocean and some are recognized for imparting a relaxed feeling, nourishing the skin, activating the circulatory system and for easing rheumatic discomfort and metabolic disorders. Comparison between the chemical composition of the Dead Sea to other lakes and oceans show that the salt's concentration in the Dead Sea is many times higher, and the bromine ions' concentration is the highest of all waters on earth.
Chlorides neutralize most of the calcium ions in the Dead Sea and its surroundings. While in other seas NaCl is 97%, in the Dead Sea the quantity of the NaCl is only 12-18%. The water temperature goes from 14.9 degrees Celsius (58.8 F) in January to 31.9 degrees Celsius (89.6 F) in August.
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